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Guard Dogs

"Guard dogs, also known as watch dogs, or sentry dogs are dogs employed to guard against, or watch for, unwanted or unexpected animals or people."

Guard dogs and watch dogs bark to alert their owners of an intruder's presence.

The barking is also an attempt at scaring away the intruder.

Occasionally, guard dogs are trained to attack human intruder(s), though this practice might be locally illegal.

Some dog breeds are excellent watchdogs but not so excellent guard dogs.

Guard Dogs - German Shepherd

Some dogs bark loudly to alert their masters of intruders but are not given to attack behavior.

Many of the now prominent guardian breeds started as multipurpose dogs, but then developed over many years into guardian breeds.

Some breeds were originally bred for hunting, but their large intimidating look and territorial instincts have helped them evolve into guard dogs in todays society.

Others like Doberman's were specifically designed as guard dogs.

All guard dogs are classed as working dogs.

The classification covers many breeds across a wide range of different types. These dogs are easily trained and respond well to commands.

Female dogs tend to make better personal guardians than males, due to their natural instinct to protect their young.

However, males are better for guarding property because they are more territorial than females.

Guard dogs explained. Doberman dog picture

Perhaps the best way to find a guard dog is to look at the history of the breed. Dogs like mastiffs have been used in the guard role for centuries.

These dogs have had the territoriality literally bred into them typically by killing those who fail at their job.

Two of the most successful guard dogs include the German short-hair pointer and the Chesepeak Bay Retriever.

These two dog breeds are so aggressive that it limits their popularity. They are also very dominant breeds and should not be owned by inexperienced owners.

Guard Dogs Explained

Below is a list of breeds comonly used as guard dogs:


Guard Dogs - Akita Inu

Akita Inu
Alano Español
American Bulldog
Argentine Dogo
Australian cattle dog


Black Russian Terrier
Bouvier des Flandres
Guard Dogs - Australian Cattle Dog Boxer
Bully Kutta


Cane Corso
Canis Panther
Caucasian Ovcharka
Chow Chow


Danish Broholmer
Doberman Pinscher
Dogo Guatemalteco
Dogue de Bordeaux


Fila Brasileiro

Guard dogs explained. German shepherd picture


German Shepherd
Greater Swiss Mountain Dog




Icelandic Sheepdog


Kangal Dog
King Shepherd
Kunming Dog

Guard dogs explained. Boxer puppy dog picture


Moscow Watchdog


Neapolitan Mastiff


Perro de Presa Canario
Perro de Presa Mallorquin
Pit Bull


Rhodesian Ridgeback

Guard dogs explained. Bullmastiff dog picture


Saint Bernard
Shiloh Shepherd Dog


Tibetan Mastiff



Guard Dogs Trivia

The original Saint Bernard was used for alpine rescue in the Saint Bernard Pass by the monks. An avalanche killed off many of the dogs used for breeding. The Saint Bernards had to be bred with larger dogs like mastiffs that gave it the large size and the guard dog instinct we know the Saint Bernard to have today.

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