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Spitz Dog Breed Explained

Spitz-type Dog Origins

"The Spitz dog is generally believed to be one of the earliest domesticated dogs in the world."

The origins of the Spitz is not really known, but the Spitz-type dog you see today originated from the Arctic regions.

The Spitz breed is usually characterized by long, thick, and often white fur, with pointed ears and muzzles, and the tail is usually curled over the dog's back.

Spritz dog came from the wolf - Some people say!

Spitz Dog Breed - Kishu Dog

However, science is not completely certain that there has been wolf blood in the Spitz for very long.

But it is certain that humans have intentionally mated Spitz types with wolves in more recent times to achieve the wolf-like appearance of breeds.

An example would be the Alaskan Malamute.

Spitz Dog Training

Many Spitz-type breeds retain wolf-like characteristics. Independence, suspiciousness, and aggression towards unfamiliar humans or other animals is well documentated.

They may require good quality dog training before they become manageable. Some, such as the Karelian Bear Dog are known to be almost impossible to train as a companion dog.

The Spitz dog is part of the working dog group.

Through selective breeding the Spitz breed has evolved to fit three purposes as part of the working breed.

Examples would be helping humans with herding, pulling a sled, and of course, hunting.

General List of Spitz Dog-type Breeds

Dogs listed below may also be classified as toy dogs, herding dog, sled dogs, and other types.


Spitz dog. Jamthund dog picture

Akita or Akita Inu
Alaskan Klee Kai
Alaskan Husky
Alaskan Malamute
American Eskimo Dog


Canadian Eskimo Dog


Keeshond spitz dog picture

East Siberian Laika
Eurasian (Eurasier)


Finnish Lapphund
Finnish Spitz


German Spitz
Greenland Dog
Guejae Gae

Chowchow dog breed picture




Icelandic Sheepdog


Japanese Spitz


Karelian Bear Dog
Karelo-Finnish Laika
Spitze dog breed. Papillon dog picture Keeshond
Korean Jindo Dog


Lapponian herder (Lapinporokoira)


Mackenzie River Husky


Nenets Herding Laika
Nordic Spitz
Northeasterly Hauling Laika
Norwegian Buhund
Norwegian Elkhound
Norwegian Lundehund

Spitz- type dog. Kishu dog picture




Russo-European Laika
Ryukyu Inu

Spitz dog. Seppala siberian slede dog picture


Sakhalin Husky
Seppala Siberian Sleddog
Shiba Inu
Siberian Husky
Swedish Lapphund
Swedish Vallhund


Tamaskan Dog
Thai Bangkaew Dog


Spitz dog. Asken malamute picture

Volpino Italiano


West Siberian Laika

Spitz Dog Breed Explained

Over the centuries, many of these dogs were transported by humans to Japan. These Asian Spitz types are the ancestors of today's breeds such as the Chow Chow and the Akita Inu.

Spitz dogs are well suited to living in harsh northern climates. They often have an insulating, waterproof undercoat that is denser than the topcoat to trap warmth.

The larger and more powerful breeds such as the Karelian Bear Dog and the Norwegian Elkhound were used for big game hunting, helping humans kill moose and elk.

Smaller breeds such as the Finnish Spitz and the Lundehund were used in Scandinavia to hunt birds and smaller mammals.

Spitz Dog Trivia

The correct German plural for the spitz dog is Spitze. In the United States they are often called "Spitzen."

There is no archaeological evidence showing transition stages between the wolf and the often-similar Spitz-type dogs.

Skeletal remains up to 5,000 years old suggest it is far more likely that the ancestors of Spitz types mated with wolves.

The largest of all the Spitz types, notably the Canadian Eskimo Dog and the Greenland Dog, were used to pull sleds up until the 19th century.

The Keeshond, the Wolfspitz variation of the German Spitz, widely known as the national dog of Netherland, is an affectionate and loyal, albeit very energetic, pet.

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